The Cause of Tennis Elbow
Tennis elbow is the most common injury in tennis. This injury is the result of repetitive stress caused by overuse. In tennis, hitting a backhand puts some pressure on your forearm muscles. These muscles repeatedly contract when you hit the ball. If you have poor technique or grip the racket too tightly, that stress may increase in the tendons that connect the forearm muscles to the elbow. The more you do it — and tennis is a game of repeated strokes — the greater the chance for tennis elbow.
The pain is focused on the outside of the arm, where your forearm meets your elbow. It’s related to a muscle and tendons in your forearm. Tendons connect your muscles to your bones. When you constantly use your arm in a repetitive motion, the tendons at the elbow end of a certain muscle — the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) muscle — may develop small tears. The tears lead to inflammation and may put pressure on the rest of your arm. This makes it painful to lift and grip things. Left untreated, it can become chronic.
How to Prevent Tennis Elbow
- Proper strengthening of this muscle as well as the other muscles that supports it such as the arm muscle, shoulder and upper back.
- Having a regular warm-up routine.
- The use of proper technique and movement during activities.
- The use of equipment appropriate for your ability, body size and body strength.
Hence it is advisable to take up lessons to learn the proper technique where the tennis coach, who is familiar with tennis technique and equipment to teach and check on yours for mastery and appropriateness.
What Can be Done?